Setup Your Site to use Azure Blob Storage for Media and ImageSharp Cache

    For Umbraco sites, there are some scenarios when you may want or need to consider using Azure Blob Storage for your media, particularly if your site contains large amounts of media. Having your site's media in Azure Blob Storage can also help your deployments complete more quickly, and has the potential to positively affect site performance, as the ImageSharp cache is moved to Azure Blob Storage.

    The setup consists of adding a package to your site, setting the correct configuration, and adding the services and middleware. Before you begin you’ll need to create an Azure Storage Account and a container for your media and ImageSharp cache. In this example, we assume your container name is "mysitestorage" and has already been created.

    See the Microsoft documentation for a quickstart guide on how to create a blob storage container.

    Installing the package

    Before you begin, you need to install the Umbraco.StorageProviders.AzureBlob NuGet package. There are two approaches to installing the package:

    1. Use your favorite IDE and open up the NuGet Package Manager to search and install the package
    2. Use the command line to install the package

    Installing through command line

    Navigate to your project folder, which is the folder that contains your .csproj file. Now use the following dotnet add package command to install the package:

    dotnet add package Umbraco.StorageProviders.AzureBlob

    The correct package will have be installed in your project.

    Configuring Blob storage

    The next step is to configure your blob storage. There are multiple approaches for this, but in this document, we're going to do it through appsettings.json. For more configuration options, see the readme on the Github repository.

    Open up your appsettings.json file and add the connection string and container name under Umbraco:Storage:AzureBlob:Media. Your Umbraco section of appsettings will look something like this:

      "Umbraco": {
        "Storage": {
          "AzureBlob": {
            "Media": {
              "ConnectionString": "DefaultEndpointsProtocol=https;AccountName=<media account name>;AccountKey=<media account key>;EndpointSuffix=core.windows.net",
              "ContainerName": "mysitestorage"
            }
          }
        },
        "CMS": {
          "Hosting": {
            "Debug": false
          },
          {...}
        }
      }

    Note that in this example, the container name is mysitestorage.

    You can get your connection string from your Azure Portal under "Access Keys".

    Setting the services and middleware

    You're almost there. The last step is to set up the required services and middleware. This may sound daunting, but thankfully there are extension methods that do all this for you. All you need to do is invoke them in the ConfigureServices and Configure methods in the startup.cs file.

    Invoke the .AddAzureBlobMediaFileSystem() extention method in the ConfigureServices method:

            public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
            {
    #pragma warning disable IDE0022 // Use expression body for methods
                services.AddUmbraco(_env, _config)
                    .AddBackOffice()
                    .AddWebsite()
                    .AddComposers()
                    .AddAzureBlobMediaFileSystem() // This configures the required services 
                    .Build();
    #pragma warning restore IDE0022 // Use expression body for methods
    
            }
    

    Now when you launch your site again, the blob storage will be used to store media items as well as the ImageSharp cache. Do note though that the /media and /cache folders do not get created until a piece of media is uploaded.

    Existing Media files

    Any media files you already have on your site will not automatically be added to the blob storage container. You will need to copy the contents on the /wwwroot/media folder and upload them to a new folder called /media in your blob storage container. Once you've done that, you can safely delete the wwwroot/media folder locally, as it is no longer needed.

    Any new media files you upload to the site will automatically be added to the Blob Storage.