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  • Geoff Baldwin 80 posts 100 karma points
    Sep 20, 2010 @ 18:47
    Geoff Baldwin

    Confused about where to install in wwwroot


    I have been 'playing' with Umbraco for a few days - mostly unsuccessfully :( - and I'm confused a to the 'right' way to install. I am a total newbie to using a CMS for developemnt having always used and VWD. Also, I did not have to worry about ISS as I developed locally and then FTP'd the site(s) to  sites set up by the company I use for hosting.

    I am testing on a Laptop with Windows 7 Pro with 2gb ram .

    I have installed generally using WPI 3.0.

    When I install Umbraco I am asked for the name of the Umbraco installation. If I provide one (eg MySite) umbraco is installed in c:\inetpub\wwwroot\Mysite\

    BUT...If I download and install the CWS package into that site I find that styles are not applied etc. Leaving out the name of the Umbraco site at installation results in an installation in c:\inetpub\wwwroot\ and then CWS works.

    I have not tested but I suspect that the same is true of the Runway modules as the top menu and drop down menu do not work under the first scenario.

    If Umbraco cannot live within these subfolders why allow an install in that way?

    So it looks like I can only have one site under development/ testing on my laptop? Bit of a restriction as I have a couple of different projects I am playing with - a photogallery site (probably going to have to develop my own using the Gallery package as I don't like the fact that a thumbnail has to be craeted for every photo in CWS and here is no bulk upload) and a "business site"


    I have taken a look at but I can't figure out what is meant by

    "You can host as many domains as you want in a single umbraco instance.

    It is as simple as right clicking a top level node and associating a domain with that node"   ---- Where??

    "U can rightclick any node in the tree and choose "Manage domainnames". That way u can create multiple sites in one"  ---- again, Where?? And is it even relevant.

    Sorry if this is 'too basic' but I'm at the bottom of a steep learning curve!




  • Dirk De Grave 4534 posts 5980 karma points MVP 3x admin c-trib
    Sep 20, 2010 @ 20:39
    Dirk De Grave

    you've got win7 which comes with iis7 by default, allowing to run multiple websites on your local pc... so that shouldn't be a worry.

    installing using webpi should work fine (but it'll install the app in the wwwroot), but if you'd like to do a manual install, follow this wiki page: (same procedure applies to win7/iis7) -> simple and will get you up and running in minutes

    "You can host as many domains as you want in a single umbraco instance.

    -> simply means you can manage multiple sites from within the same umbraco instance. For example, assuming a client has two cms websites, one available under, the other as, then you could maintain both sites in the same umbraco instance (and sharing the same db), without the need to set up two umbraco instances (meaning 2 different db's)

    "It is as simple as right clicking a top level node and associating a domain with that node"   ---- Where??

    -> as stated, from the content section, right click a top level node and select 'Manage hostnames' from the context menu. Continuing our example, you could assign hostname to the first top level node, and to the second top level nodes (top level nodes = nodes that are direct childs of the 'Content' node)

    If you have installed CWS as you've stated, you could right click the 'Home' node and select 'Manage hostnames'. Add a domain name (eg and a culture (which can be important if you're developing multilingual sites...) and click Ok.

    For sake of testing, just open up notepad and open the file 'hosts' located under /WINDIR/system32/drivers/etc. Add an entry (eg. as in

    # Copyright (c) 1993-2009 Microsoft Corp.
    # This is a sample HOSTS file used by Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows.
    # This file contains the mappings of IP addresses to host names. Each
    # entry should be kept on an individual line. The IP address should
    # be placed in the first column followed by the corresponding host name.
    # The IP address and the host name should be separated by at least one
    # space.
    # Additionally, comments (such as these) may be inserted on individual
    # lines or following the machine name denoted by a '#' symbol.
    # For example:
    #          # source server
    #              # x client host
    # localhost name resolution is handled within DNS itself.
    #       localhost
    #    ::1             localhost

    and then browse to and you'll see the home page of CWS.


    Let us know if you're still confused and need more specific info.


    By the way, welcome to umbraco. 






  • Amir Khan 1008 posts 2067 karma points
    Sep 20, 2010 @ 23:04
    Amir Khan

    Geoff, have you actually created a separate site under IIS for the subdirectory? If you are viewing it at localhost/Mysite and haven't created a separate site all references to root will point to wwwroot instead of wwwroot/Mysite...

  • Geoff Baldwin 80 posts 100 karma points
    Sep 20, 2010 @ 23:17
    Geoff Baldwin

    Hi Dirk,

    first of all many thanks for taking the time and trouble to respond at a level that I can understand - almost!

    Like I said, If I let WPI install a site into ...wwwroot\james1 for example the css styles don't get applied.
    Should the last part of Step 2 Setup ISS in the howto you pointed me atfix this problem?

    "Then, in IIS you create a new website by right-clicking on Sites and choosing Add Web Site.
    Give your website a name and an address, and point the Physical path to the folder where you extracted Umbraco."

    I now understand the Manage Hostnames and I have successfully completed your suggested test using

    If I understand you correctly I should be able to click the "Create" button at the top left of the admin page and create a new 'site' using Runway and a Gallery module which I could associate with

    Am I then able to point at 127.0.01 in the Hosts file as well.

    I ask if this is possible because when I try the first stage (clicking the "Create" Button ) I select the Content node as where I want to create my new content and click OK.

    I then get this error:

    Server Error in '/' Application.

    No Document exists with Version '00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000'

    Description: An unhandled exception occurred during the execution of the current web request. Please review the stack trace for more information about the error and where it originated in the code.

    Exception Details: System.ArgumentException: No Document exists with Version '00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000'

    Source Error:

    An unhandled exception was generated during the execution of the current web request. Information regarding the origin and location of the exception can be identified using the exception stack trace below.

    Stack Trace:

    [ArgumentException: No Document exists with Version '00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000']
       umbraco.cms.businesslogic.web.Document.setupNode() +1064
       umbraco.cms.businesslogic.CMSNode..ctor(Int32 Id) +89
       umbraco.cms.businesslogic.Content..ctor(Int32 id) +44
       umbraco.cms.businesslogic.web.Document..ctor(Int32 id) +61
       umbraco.dialogs.create.CheckCreatePermissions(Int32 nodeId) +70
       umbraco.dialogs.create.Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) +404
       System.Web.Util.CalliHelper.EventArgFunctionCaller(IntPtr fp, Object o, Object t, EventArgs e) +14
       System.Web.Util.CalliEventHandlerDelegateProxy.Callback(Object sender, EventArgs e) +35
       System.Web.UI.Control.OnLoad(EventArgs e) +91
       umbraco.BasePages.BasePage.OnLoad(EventArgs e) +49
       System.Web.UI.Control.LoadRecursive() +74
       System.Web.UI.Page.ProcessRequestMain(Boolean includeStagesBeforeAsyncPoint, Boolean includeStagesAfterAsyncPoint) +2207

    Version Information: Microsoft .NET Framework Version:4.0.30319; ASP.NET Version:4.0.30319.1

  • Geoff Baldwin 80 posts 100 karma points
    Sep 20, 2010 @ 23:25
    Geoff Baldwin

    @amir Only saw your post after replying to Dirks. Think you just answered my question about Step 2 in setup ISS in the affirmative!

    I'll give that a test.

    Presumably if I create a totally separate site in this way I could still use Manage Hostnames to associate with it and add an entry to the host file so that both and point to


    Seems I'm wrong on both counts :(

  • Amir Khan 1008 posts 2067 karma points
    Sep 21, 2010 @ 01:10
    Amir Khan

    Basically you want to create a site in IIS, select the directory with your files as the root directory. You can then set up host headers and point whatever domain you want at the site via your external IP. You could also just change the default port for the website and access it at localhost:8080 (default is 80 for web) or whatever port you like...

    How you access the site in the browser can be set up however you like, the important part is that you create a site for the umbraco install so any reference to / (root) actually goes to that level of the directory.

    Here's a technet article on the subject:

    Hope this helps!

  • Geoff Baldwin 80 posts 100 karma points
    Sep 21, 2010 @ 13:32
    Geoff Baldwin

    Appreciate the time everyone.

    @Amir - The article helps - thanks. And following guidance from it I got some results but I could only properly get at one site via a browser and I did not see any formatting at all when I previewed in Umbraco. (by formatting I guess I really mean layout - fonts seem OK).

    But like I said I am a complete novice to IIS and I am still struggling. I think I may have messed up IIS by playing around with sites and application pools and tried 'resetting' it by turning it off via Programs/windows features and turning it back on. Unfortunately all the sites and app pools seemed to have been retained. Is there a way to restore IIS to the default setting?

    Then I am going to try and install two sites; one in wwwroot\JRBP1 (Runway) and one in wwwroot\JRB2 (CWS) by following the document again. (other than I use WPI to 'install' Umbraco)

    I'll do one at a time.

    Based on current experience I may be able to browse to them OK but will not be able to see the formatting in Umbraco Preview  -- should I be able to or is this a restriction. Bit of a major problem if so!

    I seems that I can support multiple sites in IIS but Umbraco insists on stuff being in wwwroot and not in a subfolder?

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